Saturday, 28 May 2022

Why Marine Conservation Matters?


Why does marine conservation matter? The health of the ocean ecosystem is essential to society because it provides us with many benefits. Human health is directly affected by the condition of the ocean. Environmental concerns are also connected to human rights. This article will explain the benefits of marine conservation and strategies to help promote it. Let's begin! First of all, the ocean ecosystem is an essential part of the global food chain. Human health and human rights are directly connected, making conservation a top priority for environmentalists and activists.



Ocean Ecosystems Provide a Multitude of Benefits to Society

Humans have been fishing in the oceans for thousands of years. Fisheries have been essential to the world's economy for centuries. The Vikings first introduced cod to the world, and the trade continues today in places like Lofoten, Portugal, Spain, and India. Globally, fisheries provide about 16 percent of the world's protein, even higher in developing countries. The health of ocean ecosystems is crucial to the economics and well-being of society.


In addition to being an incredible source of recreation and inspiration, the ocean supports millions of people's livelihoods. Fishing, snorkeling, boating, and other water activities account for a large portion of the world's total tourism. In addition, the ocean contains ingredients for vital medicines. Over 10,000 compounds have been extracted from marine ecosystems and used for biomedical research, medications, and diagnostic testing. Furthermore, ocean ecosystems are essential for our society because they transport more than 90% of global trade.



The Health of the Ocean Directly Impacts Human Health

The world's oceans have been under tremendous stress because of human activities. A new report argues that the ocean's health affects human health and sets out strategies for restoring the health of the oceans. This will benefit human health in many ways. The report is published in the American Journal of Public Health and argues that the time is right to revisit our relationship with the ocean. According to the UN, swimming in polluted seas is associated with 250 million cases of respiratory and gastroenteritis each year.


The ocean is a crucial source of nutrition for humans and provides treatment for many diseases. It also regulates the spread of harmful conditions, provides cultural services, and promotes mental health. In addition, Maxwell Waitt reiterates that it is a vital part of our world and economy, providing jobs, food, medicines, and cultural benefits. Its health is a crucial determinant of human well-being. We cannot ignore the importance of protecting the oceans for our future.



Human Rights Are Linked to Environmental Concerns

UNEP's Leticia Carvalho explains the links between human rights and ocean conservation. One-third of the global population lives within 100 km of the ocean, and all life relies on the freshwater and oxygen provided by the ocean. Children and adults alike have the right to enjoy a healthy sea. However, these rights are often violated due to human negligence and lack of funds. This has to change.


Recent reports have found that inextricably linked human rights and ocean-based climate-change solutions. Humans are interdependent with ocean-based climate change solutions, and this interdependence must be taken into account in several international processes. For example, the International Seabed Authority's work developing regulations to prevent deep seabed mining raises concerns about children's rights. Furthermore, UN negotiations on marine biodiversity also involve human rights issues.



Strategies to Promote Marine Conservation

Human activities put pressure on marine ecosystems worldwide, including overfishing, pollution, and climate change. The result is an increasing extinction rate of species and decreased biological diversity. Maritime transportation contributes to this problem, putting pressure on the marine environment and reducing biodiversity. The shipping industry is an essential part of the marine economy in the EU, providing direct jobs and a vital role in intermodal transport networks. The EU has set a goal to shift 50% of the transport of goods from land to sea by 2050.


Countries should implement management plans to improve the state of marine ecosystems. These plans are essential for effective conservation, but they can take years to implement due to a lack of political will and legal challenges. Several of these plans are not yet implemented, posing severe threats to the marine ecosystem. In such a scenario, strategies to promote marine conservation are critical. The OECD works with governments on these policies. The OECD is an essential partner for governments looking to increase their commitment to protecting the oceans.


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